There is no doubt that "Finland" the area between Lake Onega and Norway has been inhabited for thousands of years, yet history books often make the mistake of stating that the Finns came to Finland sometime in the first millennium.Certainly there were Finns who arrived in "first centuries AD" but they did not fill a vacuum when they got there.Through the study of such phenomena, geologists have been able to deduce the origins of Finland.
Swedish control over Finnish territory was established gradually beginning in the 12th century in a number of religious crusades." (Encyclopedia of the Nations, 2006).From those coastal regions of the Arctic Ocean, north of the present national boundary of Finland, have come the most ancient relics of human culture ever discovered by Finnish archaeologists. It was found in 1914 in Korpilahti swamp at Antrea, Karelia.(not far from the writer's ancestral home) At the bottom of the picture are bark floats; at the top, rock weights. Nettle has been used for thousands of years, and for many applications including medicine.Only the Saami are considered indigenous because they are a minority but Finns themselves are indigenous as neither Saami nor Finns consist 100% of the original people. In the Finnish lakes even the edible water chestnut thrived, though now it is found only in central and southern Europe.
Under such propitious circumstances, Stone Age man moved his abode northward and gradually spread over the whole peninsula.During that process, the Finnish peninsula slowly rose out of the sea, first forming solitary islands, then chains of islands, and, finally, a clearly defined extension of the continent.